Monday Reverb – 13December2021


Section 6: HUMANITY (cont’d)


6.1 What is God’s purpose for humanity?

That through a never-ending life of worship we will share in the eternal love and life of the triune God: by the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, for the love of God, in the communion of the Holy Spirit.

6.2 How do Christians live by the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ? 

The Lord Jesus Christ loved us so much that he sacrificed himself so that we might have eternal life.  In response to that grace, we entrust ourselves completely to his care, giving thanks each day for his wonderful goodness.  We reject all idolatry, most especially any hope or desire to justify ourselves before God or apart from God’s grace.  Rather, we receive our identity, meaning, significance, security and destiny from him alone, which he freely gives us out of his abundant goodness and generosity.  We live in total gratitude for God’s justifying, sanctifying and glorifying grace.

6.3 How do Christians live for the love of God? 

God, who is love, gave us life in and for love.  The Father loved us so much that he gave his one and only Son to deliver us from the sin that destroys life and negates love.  Sharing in God’s love for all people, we reach out to love those in need, knowing that God loves them no less than he loves us.

6.4 How do Christians live in the communion of the Holy Spirit?

By the Holy Spirit, we are united with the Lord Jesus Christ.  We are baptized into the body of Christ, the Church.  As members of this community of faith and under the Lord’s headship over us, we trust in God’s Word, share in the Lord’s Supper, and turn to God in prayer.  As we grow in grace and knowledge, we are led by the Spirit to participate with God in the good works God intends for our lives.  Those works are the fruit of our daily fellowship with God by the Holy Spirit, according to his living Word, Jesus Christ, and his written word, the Holy Scriptures.

6.5 What does it mean that human beings were “created in God’s image”?

  • Genesis 1:26-27    And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. 27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.   
  • Colossians 1:12-15  giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light: 13 who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son14 in whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins: 15 who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:  
  • Colossians 3:10  Lie not one to another, seeing that ye have put off the old man with his deeds; 10 and have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him:  
  • 2 Corinthians 3:18  But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.   
  • 1 Corinthians 15:49  And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.   
  • Romans 8:29  For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.   
  • Luke 3:21-22  Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, 22 and the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.   
  • John 1:18  No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.  
  • John 5:19  Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise. 
  • John 17:21-22    that they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me. 22 And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one:  

Jesus Christ is the image of God and we were created to be his representatives, bearing his image.  We were created to be images of Jesus, who is the perfect Image of God.  Jesus, as one of us, through his earthly life lived in total dependence on the Father by the Spirit — a relationship of faithful, free and holy love.  In accordance with God’s purpose for us to be the image of Jesus, we live in total dependence upon God and in a relationship of love and freedom with one another.   Toward those ends, God has given us the human capacities of reason, imagination and volition.

  • Acts 4:31-33 … filled with the Spirit … not necessarily controlling, guiding or teaching … but enabling or empowering
  • Example of horse stuck in mud pit … encouraged (a sort of empowerment) by other horses.

6.6 What does our creation in God’s image reflect about God’s love for us?

  • Psalm 9:1    I will praise thee, O Lord, with my whole heart;  I will shew forth all thy marvellous works.     
  • 1 John 4:7    Beloved, let us love one another: for love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God.    
  • 1 John 4:11    He that loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love. In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. 10 Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins. 11 Beloved, if God so loved us, we ought also to love one another.   
  • Matthew 5:14-16      Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. 15 Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house. 16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.  

Out of his love, God created us for eternal fellowship and communion with himself.  When we live wholeheartedly for God, we honor our Creator as the source of all good things.  We also honor God by loving others as God loves them.  We were created to live like Jesus, who obeys the two Great Commandments: to love God with all our heart, soul, mind and strength; and to love others in a way that reflects how God loves us.

6.7 Was God’s image lost when humankind turned from God by falling into sin? 

  • John 8:34  Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin.   
  • Romans 3:23    for all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;   
  • Romans 3:10    as it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:   
  • Romans 1:21    For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse21 because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.  
  • Isaiah 59:1-3      Behold, the Lord’s hand is not shortened, that it cannot save;  neither his ear heavy, that it cannot hear:  but your iniquities have separated between you and your Godand your sins have hid his face from you, that he will not hear.   For your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with iniquity;  your lips have spoken lies, your tongue hath muttered perverseness.   

Yes and no.  Because of sin, our relations with God and his creation became distorted and confused.   Although we did not cease to be WITH God, our fellow human beings, and other creatures, we did cease to be FOR them.

Although we did not lose our distinctive human capacities completely, we did lose our ability to use them rightly, especially in relation to God.  Having ruined our connection with God by distrusting and then disobeying God’s will, we are persons with hearts curved in upon ourselves.  Having become enslaved to sin, we are unable to free ourselves.  Though some freedom remains for us as sinners, our freedom is exercised only within the bounds of sin and is always exposed to the power of sin, which looks to take advantage of the weakness of human nature.

6.8 How does Jesus restore to us the image of God?

  • Isaiah 65:2    I have spread out my hands all the day unto a rebellious people, which walketh in a way that was not good,  after their own thoughts;   
  • Phil.2:8    and being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
  • Col. 1:15    who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
  • Romans 8:29    For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.

Though humankind turned from God by falling into sin, God did not turn from us.  Instead, he sent Jesus to restore our broken humanity.  In living completely for God, Jesus gave himself completely for us, even to the point of dying on our behalf.  In doing so, he perfectly fulfilled the two Great Commandments on our behalf: loving God with all he is and all he has; and loving all people in a way that reflects how the Father loves him.  By living so completely for others in the name of the Father, Jesus manifested what he was — the perfect image of God.

  • In union with Christ by the Spirit, we, by grace, become conformed to Christ through faith.
  • In communion with Christ, we share by the Holy Spirit in his regenerated human nature.

In fellowship with our risen Lord, our humanity is renewed in such a way that the image of God that was lost in Adam is restored in us.


Sermon Reverb

Luke 3:7-17



Luke 3:15-17     And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ, or not; 16 John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire: 17 whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable.    Luke 3:15-17    The people were waiting expectantly and were all wondering in their hearts if John might possibly be the Messiah. 16 John answered them all, “I baptize you with water. But one who is more powerful than I will come, the straps of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. 17 His winnowing fork is in his hand to clear his threshing floor and to gather the wheat into his barn, but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.”   


  • What does that passage say to you?   
  • How do you understand that passage?  
  • How do you think Jesus would baptize someone with fire?   
  • WHY do you think Jesus would baptize someone with fire? 
  • Is an “unquenchable fire” always a bad thing?   
  • Can any good come out of an “unquenchable” fire?   
  • Would God really SEND or ALLOW SOMEONE to go into an “unquenchable” fire?

Acts 1:4-5   and, being assembled together with them, commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith he, ye have heard of me. For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.   

Acts 2:1-4   And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.   

Acts 11:15-16   And as I began to speak, the Holy Ghost fell on them, as on us at the beginning. 16 Then remembered I the word of the Lord, how that he said, John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost.   

Luke 3:16   John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire:   

John 15:1-6  I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman. Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every branch that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit. Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken unto you. Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me. I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing. If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned.   

Luke 12:49   I am come to send fire on the earth; and what will I, if it be already kindled?   

Exodus 3:1-2   Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb. And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.   

Exodus 13:21   And the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night:   

Leviticus 6:9-13   Command Aaron and his sons, saying, This is the law of the burnt offering: It is the burnt offering, because of the burning upon the altar all night unto the morning, and the fire of the altar shall be burning in it. 10 And the priest shall put on his linen garment, and his linen breeches shall he put upon his flesh, and take up the ashes which the fire hath consumed with the burnt offering on the altar, and he shall put them beside the altar. 11 And he shall put off his garments, and put on other garments, and carry forth the ashes without the camp unto a clean place. 12 And the fire upon the altar shall be burning in it; it shall not be put out: and the priest shall burn wood on it every morning, and lay the burnt offering in order upon it; and he shall burn thereon the fat of the peace offerings. 13 The fire shall ever be burning upon the altar; it shall never go out.   

Isaiah 30:27   Behold, the name of the Lord cometh from far,  burning with his anger, and the burden thereof is heavy:  his lips are full of indignation,  and his tongue as a devouring fire:   

Isaiah 33:14   The sinners in Zion are afraid; fearfulness hath surprised the hypocrites.   Who among us shall dwell with the devouring fire?  Who among us shall dwell with everlasting burnings?   

Deuteronomy 9:3   Understand therefore this day, that the Lord thy God is he which goeth over before thee; as a consuming fire he shall destroy them, and he shall bring them down before thy face: so shalt thou drive them out, and destroy them quickly, as the Lord hath said unto thee.     

Deuteronomy 4:23-24  Take heed . . . lest ye forget the covenant of the Lord your God, which he made with you, and make you a graven image, or the likeness of any thing, which the Lord thy God hath forbidden thee. 24 For the Lord thy God is a consuming fire, even a jealous God.   

Hebrews 12:28-29   Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear: 29 for our God is a consuming fire.   

Malachi 3:1-3   Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the Lord of hosts.   But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he is like a refiner’s fire, and like fullers’ soap: and he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the Lord an offering in righteousness.   

1 Peter 1:7   that the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:   

1 Peter 1:6-7   Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations: that the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:   

1 Corinthians 3:10-15   According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon. 11 For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ. 12 Now if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble; 13 every man’s work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man’s work of what sort it is. 14 If any man’s work abide which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward. 15 If any man’s work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as by fire.   

Psalm 66:10-12   For thou, O God, hast proved us:  thou hast tried us, as silver is tried.   11 Thou broughtest us into the net; thou laidst affliction upon our loins.   12 Thou hast caused men to ride over our heads;  we went through fire and through water:  but thou broughtest us out into a wealthy place.   

Acts 1:4-5   On one occasion, while he was eating with them, he gave them this command: “Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about. For John baptized with water, but in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.”   

Acts 2:1-4   When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.    

Acts 11:15-16   “As I began to speak, the Holy Spirit came on them as he had come on us at the beginning. 16 Then I remembered what the Lord had said: ‘John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.’   

Luke 3:16   John answered them all, “I baptize you with waterBut one who is more powerful than I will come, the straps of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.   

John 15:1-6   “I am the true vine, and my Father is the gardener. He cuts off every branch in me that bears no fruit, while every branch that does bear fruit he prunes so that it will be even more fruitful. You are already clean because of the word I have spoken to you. Remain in me, as I also remain in you. No branch can bear fruit by itself; it must remain in the vine. Neither can you bear fruit unless you remain in me.   “I am the vine; you are the branches. If you remain in me and I in you, you will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing. If you do not remain in me, you are like a branch that is thrown away and withers; such branches are picked up, thrown into the fire and burned.   

Luke 12:49   I have come to bring fire on the earth, and how I wish it were already kindled!   

Exodus 3:1-2   Now Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the far side of the wilderness and came to Horeb, the mountain of God. There the angel of the Lord appeared to him in flames of fire from within a bush. Moses saw that though the bush was on fire it did not burn up.   

Exodus 13:21   By day the Lord went ahead of them in a pillar of cloud to guide them on their way and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel by day or night.   

Leviticus 6:9-13   “Give Aaron and his sons this command: ‘These are the regulations for the burnt offering: The burnt offering is to remain on the altar hearth throughout the night, till morning, and the fire must be kept burning on the altar. 10 The priest shall then put on his linen clothes, with linen undergarments next to his body, and shall remove the ashes of the burnt offering that the fire has consumed on the altar and place them beside the altar. 11 Then he is to take off these clothes and put on others, and carry the ashes outside the camp to a place that is ceremonially clean. 12 The fire on the altar must be kept burning; it must not go out. Every morning the priest is to add firewood and arrange the burnt offering on the fire and burn the fat of the fellowship offerings on it. 13 The fire must be kept burning on the altar continuously; it must not go out.   

Isaiah 30:27   See, the Name of the Lord comes from afar, with burning anger and dense clouds of smoke;  his lips are full of wrath,  and his tongue is a consuming fire.   

Isaiah 33:14   The sinners in Zion are terrified;  trembling grips the godless:  Who of us can dwell with the consuming fire?   Who of us can dwell with everlasting burning?”   

Deuteronomy 9:3   But be assured today that the Lord your God is the one who goes across ahead of you like a devouring fire.  He will destroy them; he will subdue them before you. And you will drive them out and annihilate them quickly, as the Lord has promised you.   

Deuteronomy 4:23-24   Be careful not to forget the covenant of the Lord your God that he made with you; do not make for yourselves an idol in the form of anything the Lord your God has forbidden. 24 For the Lord your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God.   

Hebrews 12:28-29   Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, let us be thankful, and so worship God acceptably with reverence and awe, 29 for our “God is a consuming fire.”   

Malachi 3:1-3   “I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come,” says the Lord Almighty.    But who can endure the day of his coming? Who can stand when he appears? For he will be like a refiner’s fire or a launderer’s soap. He will sit as a refiner and purifier of silver; he will purify the Levites and refine them like gold and silver. Then the Lord will have men who will bring offerings in righteousness,   

1 Peter 1:7   These have come so that the proven genuineness of your faith — of greater worth than gold, which perishes even though refined by fire — may result in praise, glory and honor when Jesus Christ is revealed.   

1 Peter 1:6-7   In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. These have come so that the proven genuineness of your faith — of greater worth than gold, which perishes even though refined by fire  —  may result in praise, glory and honor when Jesus Christ is revealed.   

1 Corinthians 3:10-15   By the grace God has given me, I laid a foundation as a wise builder, and someone else is building on it. But each one should build with care. 11 For no one can lay any foundation other than the one already laid, which is Jesus Christ. 12 If anyone builds on this foundation using gold, silver, costly stones, wood, hay or straw, 13 their work will be shown for what it is, because the Day will bring it to light. It will be revealed with fire, and the fire will test the quality of each person’s work.  14 If what has been built survives, the builder will receive a reward. 15 If it is burned up, the builder will suffer loss but yet will be saved — even though only as one escaping through the flames.   

Psalm 66:10-12   For you, God, tested us;  you refined us like silver.   11 You brought us into prison  and laid burdens on our backs.   12 You let people ride over our heads;  we went through fire and waterbut you brought us to a place of abundance.  






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